Hemorrhoidal tissue is a normal component of human anatomy. It is a thickening of the submucosa of the anal canal (final part of the rectum) that contains a combination of venous and arterial vessels, smooth muscles and supporting tissue that acts as a pad and contributes to a more effective closure of the anus. When this tissue hypertrophies, prolapses externally and produces more or less severe symptoms, it is when it receives the name of hemorrhoids.
How can I know if I have hemorrhoids?
The most common symptom and with which they usually manifest is rectorrhagia or anal bleeding, although they can also produce a prolapse (protrusion through the anus), itching and episodes of inflammation with more or less pain and palpation of anal lumps. Hemorrhoids treatment singapore.
Contrary to what is thought, hemorrhoids usually do not hurt unless they are prolapsed or thrombosed.
Internal hemorrhoids are classified in 4 grades:
- Grade I: when defecating there is only bleeding.
- Grade II: protrude when defecating but reintroduce spontaneously when stopping the defecatory effort.
- Grade III:: protrude when defecating but must be manually reintroduced
- Grade IV: they are irreducible and are always prolapsed.
Can hemorrhoids become cancer?
No, but given that sometimes the symptom is the same before these symptoms you should go to the specialist to rule out rectal tumors (benign polyps or cancer of the rectum), inflammatory diseases (ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease) and other anal diseases (fissures, condylomata, etc)
If I have hemorrhoids, do I have to have an operation?
The visit to the specialist serves first to confirm the diagnosis, but also to assess the degree of hemorrhoids. There is no single treatment for hemorrhoids or all patients with hemorrhoids should be operated on. Depending on the severity of the clinic and the degree of hemorrhoids there are different therapeutic options, all of them with good results if they are well indicated.